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Update: Zika Lab Testing Guidelines, August 4, 2017, Health Alert Network Update

Zika virus is an emerging mosquito-borne virus that was first identified in Uganda in 1947 in rhesus monkeys through a monitoring network of sylvatic yellow fever. It was subsequently identified in humans in 1952 in Uganda and the United Republic of Tanzania. Outbreaks of Zika virus disease have been recorded in Africa, the Americas, Asia and the Pacific.

Zika can be transmitted through:

  • Mosquito bites
  • From a pregnant woman to her fetus
  • Sex
  • Blood transfusion (very likely but not confirmed)

The most common symptoms of Zika virus disease are fever, rash, joint pain, and conjunctivitis (red eyes). The illness is usually mild with symptoms lasting from several days to a week. Severe disease requiring hospitalization is uncommon.

In May 2015, the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) issued an alert regarding the first confirmed Zika virus infection in Brazil. The outbreak in Brazil led to reports of Guillain-Barré syndrome and pregnant women giving birth to babies with birth defects and poor pregnancy outcomes.

In response, CDC issued a travel alert for people traveling to regions and certain countries where Zika virus transmission is ongoing.

Communications Resources - Fact Sheets and Infographics for Printing and Display (More here: http://www.cdc.gov/zika/comm-resources/index.html)

Pregnant?  Read This Before You Travel:   English     Spanish

Mosquito Bite Prevention in the United States: English   Spanish

Mosquito Bite Prevention for Travelers:   English   Spanish

 College Spring Break - Protect Yourself From Zika

 Family Spring Break - Protect Your Family From Zika

Zika: What We Know and What We Don't Know:   English   Spanish

 

General Information

Florida Department of Health

 Florida DOH Zika Virus Page  (information on locally-transmitted Zika Virus cases in Florida)

 South Florida Maps Showing Transmission Areas

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC):  

 Zika-Affected Areas (includes a map)

 Fact Sheets and Posters (English and Spanish)

 Zika Travel Information

 Key Messages - Zika Virus Disease - cleared key messages, updated frequently

World Health Organization (WHO)/Pan American Health Organization (PAHO): 

 PAHO - Zika Virus Infection Page  (includes a map)

 WHO - Zika Virus - Disease Outbreak News (Country Reports)

 

Information for Healthcare Providers

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC): 

 Healthcare Providers Page   - Clinical guidance and testing information.

 CDC Health Alert Network:  Recognizing, Managing and Reporting Zika Virus Infections in Travelers

Nebraska DHHS:

 Nebraska DHHS Zika Virus Web Page - Includes cases reported in Nebraska, Aedes mosquito surveillance in Nebraska.

 

To report a possible case and/or discuss testing of a patient, please call the Douglas County Health Department Epidemiology Section at (402) 444-7214.

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